In this episode I speak with Alexa Whipple, Project Director at the Methow Beaver Project, a program of the Methow Salmon Recovery Foundation. Visit the Methow Beaver Project online (https://methowbeaverproject.org) and follow them on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Methow-Beaver-Project-221123695055531
Our Creature Feature this week is on pupfish of the genus Cyprinidon. They’re cute. They’re badass. And they’re mostly endangered. Want to submit a creature feature of your own to be aired on the show? Please do! Learn how at: https://fisherwomenpod.wordpress.com/creature-feature/
Get Involved! (listed north to south and west to east)
Washington: The Methow Beaver Project https://methowbeaverproject.org
Oregon: Beaver Works (Bend) and The Beaver Coalition (Jacksonville)
https://www.beavercoalition.org: A hub of beaver resources, sparked by the award-winning 2018 documentary “Beaver Believers”
California: Bring Back the Beaver Campaign (Sonoma County), Worth a Dam (Martinez, East Bay Area), the SLO Beaver Brigade (San Luis Obispo)
Massachusetts: Beaver Solutions LLC: https://www.beaversolutions.com/
Connecticut: Connecticut Beaver Initiative: https://cwrawildlife.org/ct-beaver-initiative/
Pennsylvania: Beavers Matter: https://www.beaversmatter.org/
North America and Europe: The Beaver Trust, The Beaver Institute and BeaverCon
Resources (Open-access listed first; * indicates paywall/ 11 products for sale)
The Beaver Restoration Guidebook. Updated June 2017. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5e573dd0e2dc52648c2d6577/t/5f10a89a17d20b4ac4dc62c4/1594927290953/BRGv.2.0_6.30.17.pdf
Fairfax, Emily and Eric Small. 2018. “Using remote sensing to assess the impact of beaver damming on riparian evapotranspiration in an arid landscape” Ecohydrology.
B. Clure and C. Thorne. 2014. “A stream evolution model integrating habitat and ecosystem benefits” River Research and Applications.
Michael M. Pollock, Timothy J. Beechie, Joseph M. Wheaton, Chris E. Jordan, Nick Bouwes, Nicholas Weber, Carol Volk, 2014. “Using Beaver Dams to Restore Incised Stream Ecosystems” BioScience.
2020. “Beaver power provides year-long water to Idaho ranch” Beef Magazine. (News) https://www.beefmagazine.com/sustainability/beaver-power-provides-year-long-water-idaho-ranch
Michael M. Pollock, George R. Pess, and Timothy J. Beechie. 2004 “The Importance of Beaver Ponds to Coho Salmon Production in the Stillaguamish River Basin, Washington, USA.” North American Journal of Fisheries Management
Whipple, Alexa. 2019. “Riparian Resilience in the face of Interacting Disturbances.” (Conference Presentation) https://www.rrnw.org/wp-content/uploads/5.1-RRNW-Alexa-Whipple-2019.pdf
*Frances Backhouse. 2015. “Once they were hats: in search of the mighty beaver” (Book)
*Ben Goldfarb. 2018. “Eager: the surprising, secret lives of beaver and why they matter” (Book) https://www.amazon.com/Eager-Surprising-Secret-Beavers-Matter/dp/160358739X
*The Beaver Believers. 2018. (Film) https://www.thebeaverbelievers.com/
Thank you to Alexa Whipple for the great cover photo of herself for this episode. Theme mixed by me, using sounds sourced from sfxgo, orangefreesound, and freesound. Please see website for full credits. Thank you.
In this week’s episode I’ll be speaking with Sarah O’Neal, PhD candidate at the University of Washington, about the impacts of the proposed Pebble Mine on Bristol Bay Sockeye Salmon. Update: The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers determined on Monday, October 19 that, “the project as proposed cannot be permitted under the Clean Water Act.” According to the USACE announcement, the mitigation burdens for the proposed Pebble Mine had not been met, and USACE has given developers 90 days to return with a revised proposal. But we’re not in the clear yet. Listen and learn about this critical issue and why copper mines pose a particular threat to aquatic life and salmon specifically.
Our Creature Feature this week is on the endangered Least Tern and comes from Nora Papian, a graduate of Humboldt State University’s M.S. Wildlife program.
Documentary, “Just Keep Swimming” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OQy7vRUT4HQ
Bristol Bay Watershed Assessment (EPA 2014): https://www.epa.gov/bristolbay/bristol-bay-assessment-final-report-2014
Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Pebble Project (USACE 2020): https://www.pebbleprojecteis.com/documents/finaleis
“Bristol Bay Alaska: natural resources of the aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems (edited by Carole Ann Woody 2018): https://www.amazon.com/Bristol- Bay-Alaska-Terrestrial-Ecosystems
Fisheries and Hard Rock Mining: AFS Symposium Synopsis (Sarah O’Neal 2012): https://www.researchgate.net/publication/241727916_Fisheries_and_Hard_Rock_Mining_AFS_Symposium_Synopsis
“Apparent survival of snowy plovers varies seasonally” (M.S. Thesis, Nora Papian, 2018): https://digitalcommons.humboldt.edu/etd/128/
Background and Recent Developments
(2014 – July 2019): This CNN article summarizes the timeline from 2014 through July 2019: https://www.cnn.com/2019/08/09/us/epa-alaska-pebble-mine-salmon-invs/index.html
(August 2020) Politico on Trump’s decision to put the brakes on Pebble: https://www.politico.com/news/2020/08/22/trump-set-to-block-alaska-pebble-mine-400206 (September 2020)
NYTimes article on the Pebble Mine tapes: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/21/climate/pebble-mine-alaska.html (September 2020) Pebble Tapes: https://eia-global.org/reports/20200921-the-pebble-tapes (October 2020)
Midnight Sun article analyzing Alaska Governor Dunlevy’s letter supporting the mine, includes a link to the actual letter: https://midnightsunak.com/2020/10/15/pebble-opponents-call-dunleavys-divisive-pro-pebble-shows-how-little-he-knows-about-bristol-bay/?fbclid=IwAR17FaM8AW4ueavoiqGmOAeQVLG-9q97RaxAEhbCYnBBCwdkkkVv0KdZpo8
Thank you to Sarah O’Neal for the great cover photo of herself for this episode. Theme mixed by me, using sounds sourced from sfxgo, orangefreesound, and freesound. Please see website for full credits.
This week we delve into fish parenting with true natural history stories every bit as interesting as Finding Nemo! The Pebble Mine podcast episode is coming soon. In the meantime, I hope you enjoy this mini-episode and are inspired to share your own fish stories: https://fisherwomenpod.wordpress.com/creature-feature
Resources (Open access listed first; *indicates paywall)
Berra, Tim M., and Francisco J. Neira. 2003. "Early life history of the nurseryfish, Kurtus gulliveri (Perciformes: Kurtidae), from northern Australia." Capoiea: 384-390. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/240775561_Early_Life_History_of_the_Nurseryfish_Kurtus_gulliveri_Perciformes_Kurtidae_from_Northern_Australia
Bernardi, G., and A. Vagelli. 2004. "Population structure in Banggai cardinalfish, Pterapogon kauderni, a coral reef species lacking a pelagic larval phase." Marine Biology 145(4): 803-810. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/225718806_Population_structure_in_Banggai_cardinalfish_Pterapogon_kauderni_a_coral_reef_species_lacking_a_pelagic_larval_phase
Confirmation of Slope Sea spawning in Atlantic Blue-fin Tuna: https://www.whoi.edu/oceanus/feature/the-secret-tuna-nursery/
*Nelson, Stephen G. and C. O'Neil Krekorian. 1976. "The dynamics of parental care of Copeina arnoldi (Pisces, Characidae)". Behavioral Biology 17(4): 507–518. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0091677376909196?via%3Dihub
*Kume, Gen, Atsuko Yamaguchi, and Ichiro Aoki. 2002. "Dummy egg production by female cardinalfish to deceive cannibalistic males: oogenesis without vitellogenesis." Environmental biology of fishes 65(4): 469-472. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1021106504726
*Bakker, Theo, and Beat Mundwiler. "Pectoral fin size in a fish species with paternal care: a condition‐dependent sexual trait revealing infection status." Freshwater Biology 41.3 (1999): 543-551. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/toc/13652427/1999/41/3
*Stein, Laura R., and Alison M. Bell. "Paternal programming in sticklebacks." Animal Behaviour 95 (2014): 165-171. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0003347214002863
Cover photo of the sub-species and sexual dimorphism in Three-spined Stickleback from the public domain; illustrated by Alexander Francis Lyndon in British Fresh Water Fishes 1879. Theme mixed by me, using sounds sourced from sfxgo, orangefreesound, and freesound. Please see website for full credits.
In this week’s episode we learn how you go from harvesting fruit to a new approach for salmon passage, and how you go from virology to fish biology with Janine Bryan, Vice President of Biological and Environmental Sciences at Whooshh Innovations. Janine and Whooshh want to find innovative ways to help fish and fisheries professionals. We talk about salmon passage, measuring fish with computers, and the pros and cons of going viral. The official video for the salmon passage portal is two minutes long and can be found on Whooshh's Youtube channel:
For more videos, you can subscribe to Whooshh Innovations’ Youtube channel and follow them on social media:
The Whooshh Innovations Website: https://www.whooshh.com/
Thank you to Janine Bryan for the great cover photo of herself for this episode. Theme mixed by me, using sounds sourced from sfxgo, orangefreesound, and freesound. Please see website for full credits.
Ralph Lampman, Lamprey Project Biologist for the Yakama Nation, wants to spread love and understanding of Pacific Lamprey. We talk about their long evolutionary and cultural history, the many unknowns surrounding lamprey, and the efforts tribes are taking to restore these remarkable fish back to the vibrant fishery they once were! Check out his music video for this year’s Eurofishion contest here, and give him a vote! https://eurofishion.com/portfolio-item/west-coast-lamprey-rap-arctic-lamprey-rap-ralph-lampman-hiroaki-arakawa-kenji-hashizume-usa/
I also encourage you to watch the two short films on lamprey listed in the resources at the bottom of the show notes. You can also stay up to date on lamprey issues by following the Yakama Nation’s Facebook page on Pacific Lamprey: https://www.facebook.com/pacificlampreycolumbiabasin/
You can learn more follow MC Hannon on twitter here: https://twitter.com/__emsea
Yakama Nation Lamprey Project: https://yakamafish-nsn.gov/restore/projects/pacific-lamprey-project
The Columbia River Intertribal Fisheries Council page on lamprey, including a wonderful 5 minute film presented at the American Fisheries Society Film Festival on the importance of Pacific Lamprey to Columbia Basin Tribes: https://www.critfc.org/fish-and-watersheds/columbia-river-fish-species/lamprey/
Film put together by Ralph Lampman using music by Ryuichi Sakamoto: The plight and curious life of asum (Pacific Lamprey) *asum is the Sahaptin language for Pacific Lamprey (https://vimeo.com/242105080)
Identification Guide for Lamprey Species in the American West, authored by Ralph Lampman: https://www.fws.gov/pacificlamprey/Documents/Identification%20Guides/2017%20Lamprey%20Identification%20Guide%20Final.pdf
Manual on Incorporating Lamprey considerations into fish passage projects (ODFW): https://fws.gov/oregonfwo/Documents/Lamprey/2017.06.20%20LampreyPsgFINAL.pdf
This week I speak with Jen Ripple, founder and editor-in-chief of DUN magazine, about what brought her to flyfishing and why she decided to found the first flyfishing magazine for women. You can subscribe to DUN here: https://dunmagazine.com/ This episode marks the first in a series on flyfishing. I’ll be learning to flyfish this season and I invite you to join me! Follow fisherwomen on social media to stay up to date with the flyfishing journey! The creature feature this week comes from Marshall Phan and is on the Scaly Foot Snail. References for today’s creature feature are listed below.
Credits: Thank you to Rick Pope for allowing use of the great photo of Jen with a Jack Crevalle. Theme mixed by me, using sounds sourced from sfxgo, orangefreesound, and freesound. Please see website for full credits.
Fly Fishing Resources:
Jen’s article on tips for first-timers: https://dunmagazine.com/posts/5-things-you-should-know-before-you-try-fly-fishing
A starter flycasting video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TAyj9KF_MQE Fly Fishers International (FFI) has a great series of free videos.
This one has some helpful drills for practicing the basic flycast: https://us02web.zoom.us/rec/play/My6AEc8HTAbFpwx9SbjjrhSyqNNl3aoWWkG5j03RheB5TpYc3PRMTZbOgfG0EbI62b7ncU1W-Ll_H8XX.rINYmTRXaflwWf1h?continueMode=true&_x_zm_rtaid=2TnPW9TARtqYj5cGFM8-tw.1601841063988.e9c5af59c81e60598ba59a34cee9b467&_x_zm_rhtaid=661
References on the Scaly Foot Snail :
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/deep-sea-snail-iron-shell-first-creature-declared-endangered-ocean-mining-180972727/ https://www.wired.com/2015/02/absurd-creature-of-the-week-scaly-foot-snail/ https://www.pnas.org/content/116/41/20376 https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-020-15522-3
On this episode, I speak with Bonnie Basnett about collaborating with sportfishing guides, fieldwork logistics, and why lingcod are super rad. Sea urchins are also pretty rad, as we learn in this week’s creature feature from Cari Williams. If you'd like to see Bonnie with a lingcod, look no further than the cover photo for the episode! Check out Bonnie’s latest paper: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/eva.13037 and follow her to see her ocean inspired artwork and learn some cool science facts at: https://www.instagram.com/artbybonbon/
Cari’s thesis is available for free here: http://humboldt-dspace.calstate.edu/handle/10211.3/175352
Credits: Thank you to Bonnie Basnett for allowing use of the great photo of her in the field with a turquoise morph lingcod. Theme mixed by me, using sounds sourced from sfxgo, orangefreesound, and freesound. Please see website for full credits. Thank you.
Descending devices and barotrauma (https://wildlife.ca.gov/Conservation/Marine/Groundfish/Barotrauma),
California Collaborative Fisheries Research Program (https://www.mlml.calstate.edu/ccfrp/about/),
The Love Lab at UC Santa Barbara, an excellent place to while away the hours on the internet, while almost certainly learning too much about rockfish (https://lovelab.msi.ucsb.edu/)
Welcome to Fisherwomen! In the pilot episode, I introduce the theme of the podcast by going through some of the diverse careers, habitats, and species that make up fisheries. To submit a creature feature for a future episode, please visit: https://fisherwomenpod.wordpress.com/creature-feature/
More great, short nature stories are available on Jess Eden’s show, Sound Ecology: https://soundcloud.com/sound_ecology
The coded-wire tag program in the PNW (https://www.rmpc.org/cwt-program-overview.html),
blue carbon (Rohr et al 2018: https://escholarship.org/uc/item/29n2v728), and why Pacific Staghorn Sculpins (http://calfish.ucdavis.edu/species/?uid=62&ds=241.%C2%A0) are super cool (https://annebeaudreau.com/2017/09/05/why-i-love-sculpins/)
Credits: The fisherwomen theme was mixed by me, using sounds sourced from sfxgo, orangefreesound, and freesound. Artwork designed by me, using imagery from the NASA Earth Observatory taken by Jesse Allen. Please visit the website for full citations and credits.